Resolution on COVID-19 vaccines
Whereas: the effects of the pandemic caused by Covid-19 have been devastating in Latin America and the Caribbean in social, political and economic terms;
Whereas: the the most vulnerable sectors of the region, the poor, women, indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants, migrant and refugee populations, are at risk due to the absence of work, lack of medicines and health care;
Whereas: prevention policies do not suffice, if there is no access to vaccines and medicines against the disease;
Whereas: the health crisis has triggered dramatic processes of humanitarian crises and gender violence in all countries of the region;
Whereas: two thirds of the vaccines available internationally are distributed in priority among the ten richest countries;
Whereas: as long as infections continue to advance in less developed regions, the world's population as a whole will remain vulnerable;
Whereas: the processes of research and development of vaccines and anti-Covid-19 medicines have in all cases depended on public resources generated by the global economy that links all people in all countries;
Whereas: fundamental health goods, such as vaccines, should be considered public goods;
1) To demand that the international community, governments, international organizations, and health industries provide equal access to Covid-19 vaccines to all peoples of the world.
2) To request governments and medical industries to ensure that patents on Covid-19 medicines and vaccines generate no royalties or returns to their owners beyond what is necessary to cover research costs, and are therefore released for production in all societies with the capacity to do so.
Resolution on Obama Policy
Whereas: the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) is the largest professional association in the world for individuals and institutions engaged in the study of Latin America and the Caribbean. With over 7,000 members, forty-five percent of whom reside outside the United States, LASA is the one association that brings together experts on Latin America from all disciplines and diverse occupational endeavors, across the globe. For decades, LASA members have spoken in defense of democracy and human rights in the Western Hemisphere and in support of peaceful and respectful relations among states in the region.
Whereas: President Obama’s policy toward Latin America has so far failed to fulfill the hopes engendered by his appearance at the Summit of the Americas in 2009 that the United States would strongly and consistently support democracy, human rights, social justice and national sovereignty; and
Whereas: the embargo of Cuba has not been lifted, despite the unanimous call by the members of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) to end it, Cuba is still listed as a state sponsor of terrorism, and travel to Cuba by U.S. citizens remains severely restricted; and
Whereas: the Obama administration has demonstrated persistent hostility toward progressive governments in Latin America, particularly toward Venezuela and Bolivia, and has pursued close relations with governments with poor human rights records, such as Mexico, Colombia and Honduras; and
Whereas: the militarism of Plan Colombia and Plan Mérida and the deployment of the Fourth Fleet have been reinforced with the increasing militarization of the U.S.-Mexico border and construction of new military and police bases as part of counter-narcotics policy, especially in Central America; and
Whereas: a number of current and former Latin American presidents as well as significant civil society organizations in the most affected countries oppose current U.S. counter-narcotics policies as ineffective and counterproductive with devastating consequences for the civilian populations;
Therefore be it resolved that:
1) The Latin American Studies Association urges President Obama to reduce the U.S. military presence in Latin America, to reverse the militarization of U.S. regional and border policies, especially counter-narcotics operations, and to suspend or reduce aid to military and police forces in countries with on-going human rights abuses, especially Mexico, Honduras and Colombia;
2) The Latin American Studies Association urges President Obama to normalize relations with Cuba, including eliminating as many travel restrictions as possible by executive order, making the certifications necessary to end Cuba’s designation as a state sponsor of terrorism, and actively working to obtain Congressional lifting of the embargo and restoration of full freedom of travel for U.S. citizens to Cuba;
3) The Latin American Studies Association urges President Obama to fully respect the sovereignty of Venezuela and Bolivia and to actively pursue improved relations, including resumption of full diplomatic relations;
4) The Latin American Studies Association urges President Obama to reject all direct and indirect United States participation in or support for actions or policies that undermine democratically elected governments in Latin America.
Wikileaks and Whistleblowers
Resolution on Wikileaks and Whistleblowers
Whereas: the United States government has sought to censor the website Wikileaks, a publisher of classified documents that are shedding unprecedented light on U.S. actions overseas;
Whereas: the U.S. government has begun criminal proceedings against accused Army whistleblower Private Bradley Manning, whom it has held in military detention since May 2010 under conditions condemned by United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture Juan Méndez;
Whereas: Wikileaks has made a strenuous effort to avoid endangering persons named within the released documents by offering to let the U.S. government redact individuals’ names, and has not released information such as nuclear weapons codes which, unlike the documents released, actually could endanger global security;
Whereas: the Obama administration has prosecuted more government whistleblowers than all previous U.S. administrations combined, sending an ominous signal for the future of academic and journalistic freedom;
Whereas: open access to information about government activities is essential to the functioning of a democratic society, the enforcement of international law, and the pursuit of scholarly knowledge;
Whereas: scholarly organizations have a special responsibility to defend the principles of government transparency and academic and journalistic freedom;
Whereas: the Latin American Studies Association is the world’s largest professional association devoted to the study of Latin America, a region that has been the target of frequent U.S. interventions and whose history is closely intertwined with that of the United States;
Therefore be it resolved that:
1) The Latin American Studies Association calls upon the Obama administration to recognize Wikileaks’s right to publish information in the public interest;
2) The Latin American Studies Association condemns the imprisonment and cruel treatment of Bradley Manning, including the period of over nine months in which Manning was kept in solitary confinement;
3) The Latin American Studies Association calls upon the Obama administration to extend protection for Bradley Manning and other whistleblowers under the Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989.