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Brazilian authorities are violating constitutional norms and jeopardizing academic freedom

24 janvier 2018

World’s largest association of academics engaged in research on Latin America points out that Brazilian police and judicial forces are taking inappropriate action against public universities, ignoring due process and violating university autonomy.

The Latin American Studies Association (LASA) expresses its profound concern over the actions carried out by police and judicial forces against Brazilian public universities which ignore due process and violate multiple constitutional norms, including the guarantee of autonomy for Brazilian universities, based on Article 207 of the Constitution. LASA, which is the world’s largest association of academics engaged in research on Latin America, points out at least 6 specific situations in the past year, where government authorities in Brazil have taken actions that have been widely interpreted as intended to intimidate or demoralize administrators, faculty, and students at the nation’s public universities, raising concerns about academic freedom in the most populous nation in Latin America.

In light of this, LASA demands that any inquiry into alleged wrongdoing be conducted in accordance with the rule of law and with regard to the principle of academic freedom. LASA furthermore calls upon Brazilian political and judicial officials to adopt measures to respect the autonomy of Brazil’s universities and fully respect academic freedom, which is essential to the functioning of a community of scholars. The prestigious association expresses its concern over the following specific actions and calls upon Brazilian authorities to investigate them, bring those responsible to account, and to take all measures necessary to guarantee academic freedom in Brazil.

November 29, 2016

A lecture at the Federal University of Pará in Belém on the environmental and social effects of mining along the Xingu River was abruptly terminated when Mayor Dirceu Biancardi of the municipality of Senador José Porfírio, accompanied by 40 other people, broke into the lecture hall and threatened to imprison the organizer of the event, Professor Rosa Acevedo of the Núcleo de Altos Estudos Amazônicos (NAEA--Institute for Advanced Amazonian Studies) and the other speakers.

December 9, 2016

Nearly 70 federal police agents intervened in the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre, leading to the forcible detention or arrest of six individuals, including four faculty, all involved in a health education extension program that was being investigated for misuse of fellowship funds.

February 13, 2017

180 federal police agents intervened in the Federal University of Paraná, in Curitiba, issuing arrest warrants for 20 individuals suspected of misuse of funds earmarked for scientific research and temporarily imprisoning 12 of them. According to Rector Ricardo Marcelo Fonseca and his predecessor, the university had already implemented its own internal investigation of these allegations.

Overall, in the month of February 2017

Authorities arrested eight public university administrators, and issued 29 temporary detention orders and 36 arrest warrants against faculty and staff in universities in the states of Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul, and Rio de Janeiro, due to allegations of misuse of funds.

September 14, 2017

The Rector of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Luiz Carlos Cancellier de Olivo, was arrested on charges of obstructing an investigation into the alleged misuse of university funds. He was held in prison overnight but was soon released by a judge, who found that he posed no threat to the ongoing investigation. However, Cancellier de Olivo was prohibited by the police from setting foot on campus, and images of him wearing a prison uniform circulated on social media, causing him serious distress. Following these events, Cancellier de Olivo, who was 59 years old, killed himself.

December 6, 2017

Police officials intervened in the Federal University of Minas Gerais, purportedly to investigate allegations that funds for a memorial to victims of the dictatorship had been inappropriately funneled to research on that issue. The following day, the university Rector, Jaime Arturo Ramirez, was arrested at his home and briefly imprisoned, along with two other colleagues.

LASA notes that these raids, detentions, and imprisonments have occurred despite the fact that federal universities operate under the aegis of the Tribunal de Contas da União (Government Accounting Board) and the Controladoria Geral (Comptroller General), a circumstance that should both protect the principle of university autonomy and preclude the need for police raids on university campuses or against university officials.

À Propos de L'Association des études latino-américaines (LASA)

L'Association des études latino-américaines (LASA) est la plus importante association professionnelle au monde, rassemblant des individus et des institutions engagés dans les études sur l'Amérique latine. Avec plus de 12 000 membres, plus de 65% provenant de l’extérieur des États Unis, LASA est la plus importante association professionnelle, regroupant des spécialistes de l’Amérique latine d’à travers le monde et de toutes les disciplines et professions. La mission de LASA est d'encourager la discussion intellectuelle, la recherche et l'enseignement sur l'Amérique latine, les Caraïbes, et leurs peuples à travers le continent américain ; de promouvoir les intérêts de ses divers membres ; et de favoriser l'engagement civique grâce à la création de réseaux et de débats publics.

Si vous souhaitez interviewer un membre du Conseil Exécutif de la LASA, vous pouvez contacter le bureau des communications de la LASA au (412) 648-7929 ou à l'adresse lasa@lasaweb.org.